Everyone has heard of Samsung – its most famous products are mobile phones and televisions. But the company also makes home appliances and computer components. In this article, I will tell the story of how Samsung produced televisions, from the first models to the modern TVs, and I will briefly talk about the old Samsung TVs and the main stages in the history of TV production.
Samsung TVs in 50 years from 1970 to today
Samsung TVs in 50 years from 1970 to today. During this time, Samsung has gone from an unknown company to a leader in developing advanced television technology solutions. At the beginning of the development of the electronics industry, Samsung did not have the technology to produce TV sets. Still, the South Korean government decided to develop the economy by creating conditions for opening enterprises with foreign capital and, a prerequisite, the transfer of technology to Korean companies. Samsung was one of the companies that received some new technology, including TV set technology.
Samsung TVs in 1970-1976
In 1970, Samsung released its first TV set, which was black and white and sold only in Korea. Several models of televisions were released, and by 1976 Samsung had produced over 1 million black and white televisions. The televisions had a small screen size, and the TV body was made of wood or plywood. The first Samsung TVs were just an assembly from imported components; the first component supplier was Sanyo, Japan. It was a period of saturation of the market with TVs; the devices were in great demand, which ensured the growth of sales and the formation of Samsung. In the pictures, you can see what the first TV looked like.
Samsung TVs 1976-1993
In 1976, Samsung began production of color televisions, and production of black and white televisions continued. In 1978, 4 million black and white televisions were produced. Samsung entered international markets. First, televisions were sold in Asia, then the expansion into global markets continued. Samsung sought to make electronics with the Samsung logo a household name in every country. Asia and South America were supplied with black and white televisions, while Europe and North America were supplied with color televisions. In 1982, Samsung produced 10 million black and white televisions and 4 million color televisions. The televisions were improved, the screens were more extensive, and the electrical circuits used transistors and microchips instead of vacuum tubes. In 1987, Samsung set up its lab to develop televisions.
In 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, huge markets opened up in Eastern Europe and the newly formed countries that emerged from the former Soviet republics. These markets were ready to buy millions of televisions, which Samsung took advantage of by supplying televisions to these countries. The chemical industry had mastered the production of plastics; this material was cheaper than wood and made televisions more attractive and affordable. In the mid-1980s, televisions began to be made in plastic housing.
Samsung televisions 1993 -1998
Samsung has been working on new TVs; like other manufacturers, the idea of TVs has become stable. The TV is a plastic housing in which electronic boards and a kinescope are installed. A remote control controls the TV. Manufacturers come up with different names for their televisions, the purpose of which is to make them stand out among the many other manufacturers. Samsung does the same: the following series of TVs are on sale.
Samsung 1993 BIO TVs.
A new line of Samsung televisions from 1993. These televisions were labeled Bio Vision in green. During the production process, modifications of this label appeared, such as Ultra Bio Vision. Since televisions had nothing to do with biotechnology, it was a marketing ploy. It was the beginning of marketing tricks to come up with some name, usually consonant with something special.
Samsung TVs The Plus One 1996
Samsung experimented with TVs; the next step was to create a TV with a non-standard size screen with an aspect ratio of 12.8:9. At that time, the standard aspect ratio was 3×4. The new screen resolution, although non-standard, made Samsung televisions virtually indistinguishable from each other. It was almost impractical to release such TVs, many customers decided to buy a TV with a slightly larger screen, and many didn’t think twice about them. Plus, One television was so-called because its diagonal screen size was one inch larger than the standard televisions of the time. For example, Samsung produced TVs 22 inches instead of 21 inches; similarly, if the standard screen size was 29 inches, then Samsung produced a 30-inch TV. These televisions were virtually indistinguishable from those of other manufacturers. The design of the televisions remained the same, but while the televisions were previously available in a black body, the televisions were now available in a gray plastic body.
Samsung Flat Screen TVs 1998
In 1998, Samsung improved CRT screen production and began producing flat screens. They were convex, of course, but the curvature of the screen was greatly reduced, and the protective glass in front of the CRT was made flat on the outside. Visually, the screen of such a TV was flat. Another significant step forward was to bring the angle of deflection of the electron beam to 120 degrees, making TVs much less profound. Also, to improve picture quality, it was invented to increase the frame rate of the display. At the time, the standard display rate was 24 frames per second. It was invented to duplicate frames; such televisions were called 100 Hz or 120 Hz; they had visually better picture quality, and the improvement was obtained by repeating structures; each frame was shown two times.
The late 90s was the last period of kinescope TVs; the design of the beam tube did not allow the creation of TVs with screens over 30 inches. It could be done, but the weight and size of such a TV set made it unsuitable for home use. Therefore, all the forces in the development were focused on the technology of flat LCD screens and plasma panels. In 1995 the production of plasma panels began, and the development of LCD panels continued. It was time for a new round in the development of televisions.
Samsung TVs 2005-2009
In 2005, mass production of televisions with TFT (LCD) screens began; these televisions were characterized by the fact that they were pretty thin compared with CRT televisions and consumed less electricity. At first, TVs were available with small screens of 22-26 inches, but by 2009 TVs with screens of 32 inches and more became standard. The number of pixels (dots on the TV screen) was increasing. The first televisions had a resolution of less than HD; then, there were televisions with HD and Full HD screens. Televisions began to receive digital television and digital video streaming over cable.
Samsung Plasma TVs 2006-2013
The first televisions with big screens were not LCD televisions. The first was plasma TVs, the first big TVs for the home, but the high cost of production and their heavy weight, the tendency to burn out, pushed developers to LCD screens. Gradually, LCD screens improved, the number of pixels increased, and the response time decreased. LCD televisions became much cheaper than plasma televisions. Production of plasma TVs was declining, and the final abandonment of plasma technology occurred in 2013. Samsung discontinued the production of such TVs.
Samsung LCD TVs 2005-2008
Of course, LCD screens were invented before 2005, but their shortcomings made them of little use for televisions. LCD screens were installed in laptop computers, not for gaming, but for work. TV manufacturers allocated a lot of money to reduce response time and eliminate residual plumes from moving objects on the TV screen. By 2005, these shortcomings had been virtually eliminated. Mass production of televisions with LCD screens began. In 2008, LCD TVs with large screens of 40-60 inches began.
Samsung TVs 2009-2016
The next step forward was the use of LED-backlit screens in TVs instead of backlighting with special lamps. LED backlighting enabled it to control the level of backlighting; the LEDs could be placed both on the edge of the display and the back panel. The televisions began to support dimming technology. LED TVs got some essential improvements, which I’ll tell you about now.
Samsung LED TVs 2009
In 2009, there was a significant change in TV production; the switch to LED screens is not only a different type of backlighting. The button for LED backlighting made it possible to make TV screens and place the LEDs on the back side of the screen. In turn, this arrangement made it possible to control the backlighting, making the image, especially the black colors, not gray-black and thus solving the problem of TFT screens, the lack of true black.
Samsung 3D TVs 2010
In 2010 Samsung launched mass production of 3D TVs; Samsung used only active 3D technology, and in 2013 80% of TVs produced by Samsung supported 3D. But this technology was not in demand; many viewers noted that when buying a TV, they watched a 3D movie only 1-2 times and never used this mode again. In addition, the further development of screens could not have been more compatible with 3D. By 2015, the production of 3D televisions was discontinued. 3D in the early 2010s was an experiment that failed. Perhaps in some time, we will see 3D-enabled TVs again..
Samsung Smart TVs 2011.
In 2011, processor manufacturers adapted the processors of televisions to work with the Internet. The TV became not just a device on which you can watch video received via cable; the TV turned into a computer, with significant limitations, but still a computer. Samsung, together with other companies, created its operating system so appeared the OS Tizen. They wanted to put this system in phones, but Android won; Samsung uses Tizen for TVs and watches. It was a huge step forward; the TV works with the Internet, and you can watch digital streaming videos on the TV, like YouTube, through the Internet.
Samsung OLED TVs 2013
Yes, Samsung released OLED TVs in 2013, such as the 55s9 model; at the time, OLED screens were imperfect, had a short lifespan, and burned out quickly. It was hilarious to watch when it broke a couple of minutes after being turned on at the presentation of a new OLED TV. This may have sealed the fate of Samsung’s first OLED TV. With many failures and low demand due to high prices, Samsung abandoned OLED TVs for the next nine years.
Samsung 4K TVs 2013
Also, in 2013, TVs with 4K resolution appeared, this format was promising, and display manufacturers upgraded their factories to produce UHD screens. In those years, there were TVs with a 4K resolution screen, but they could not accept 4K; the HDMI ports at the time did not support this standard. The main goal of TVs in 2013 was to scale video to 4K resolution. And 4K video hardly existed at the time.
Samsung 2014 curved 4K TVs
In 2014, Samsung began releasing curved 4K TVs; this is more marketing than anything new; such TVs are suitable for watching videos if you sit right in front of the TV. But only a few such TVs are produced, usually one or two models a year. Gradually, the production of these televisions will be reduced, and, if I’m not mistaken, in 2020, they will be discontinued. Of course, such displays can be produced until the production line becomes obsolete, but the leading manufacturers do not see much point in such TVs.
Samsung TVs 2016.
There were TVs with screens made using materials on quantum dots. They initially used particular additional layers with materials on quantum dots in the construction of the screen; they served as a light filter; such TVs became known as SUHD TVs, super UHD. But this name lasted only a couple of years.
Samsung TVs 2017
2017 is the year that Samsung did two big things: it launched TVs with quantum dot screens, QLED screens, an extension of the Super line, and also founded a new line of LifeStyle TVs.
QLED is a premium line of TVs; enhanced pictures and advanced features set Samsung TVs apart from other LED TV manufacturers. The LifeStyle line includes specialty TVs and has gradually expanded to include The Frame, The Serif, The Terrace, and The Sero.
Samsung’s 2019 TVs.
In 2019, 8K resolution TVs came out, and Samsung began releasing 8K TVs. Many owners say they see little difference between 4K and 8K TVs when watching the video. Nevertheless, these televisions are produced and cost more than 4K, but they are in demand.
Samsung 2021 TVs.
In 2021, Samsung announced the cessation of producing LED screens and a large-scale modernization of its display factories. In 2021, it was planned to begin production of new screens on quantum dots of the second generation. These will be TVs with QLED screens and mini LED backlights. The commercial name of this technology is NEO QLED. Note that the production of Neo QLED screens will be organized on the old plants which produce QLED screens. The company also plans to revive the production of OLED TVs; in OLED-TV, Samsung plans to use its displays created using the best developments in OLED and QLED. It is planned that Samsung’s OLED displays will use both technologies.
Samsung 2022-2023 TVs
In 2022, nine years after the first unveiling of a commercial OLED TV, the company introduced new OLED TVs. According to Samsung’s statement, their OLED TVs are QD-OLED TVs. I did a little research on Samsung’s OLED TVs, and they are different from LG’s OLED displays, although they have a lot in common. Since Samsung’s OLED TVs are a new lineup, it’s hard to say anything about quality. But as OLED TV owners have noted, the picture quality is excellent. In the future, premium TVs will be equipped with OLED displays; this is a significant next step in developing the technology.
Also, in 2022, Samsung decided to restructure its display business radically, and Samsung’s display factory in China was sold to TCL. Samsung has decided to produce only QD OLED displays at a new plant in Korea.
The new OLED display production line has started working, and in 2023, production of 77-inch and 83-inch panels has started, and 2023 displays made on the new line have higher brightness. Sony will start installing Samsung displays in its OLED TVs in 2022. If we talk about LED- and QLED-TVs, Samsung considers them obsolete technologies, but their undoubted advantage is the price. Therefore, such TVs are being produced and will be produced in the coming years.
The impact of globalization on the TV production market
Samsung is also affected by global trends. For example, the production of our TV screens can be expensive. And it is no secret that Samsung buys displays for low-end TVs from other manufacturers, the leading supplier of which is the Chinese BOE, and now it will probably be TCL as well. And in higher-end TVs, some screens are not made by Samsung. There is nothing unusual about this; if you take the same BOE, Samsung helps develop technology in exchange for cheaper finished products.