Companies whose products are related to printing or graphics development are faced with the need to standardize color shades. This is necessary to display the image correctly.
Therefore, various standards were invented. TV manufacturers and not only, in order to show what range of colors can display the screen, refer to different standards. Note that as a rule, standards are taken in which it is possible to show a larger value. For example, if it is stated that NTSC72% is supported, this is approximately sRGB100%

For most users, all of these options do not mean anything. It is simpler to use the concept of color depth per bit. For example, 8 bits are mid-range televisions 10 bits of premium level.

What is sRGB 125%, NTSC 72%, RGB92%, CMYK 50%

In the description of monitors, you can see in the technical specifications, support for sRGB-125% or NTSC 72%, as well as Adobe RGB 92%, CMYK 50%. These parameters indicate how many colors from the standard can show the monitor.

Briefly about the color space:

sRGB color standart

sRGB – was developed in 1996 by HP and Microsoft, the purpose of the standard was to combine color monitors printers and the Internet, that images had the same color gamut and were equally displayed when printing and viewing. This is the main standard used in monitors. If you use sRGB on the monitor, then when you print, you will get a photo like on the monitor.

Adobe RGB color profile

Adobe RGB – It was developed in 1998, as the name implies, by Adobe, the purpose of creating a standard with an enhanced color gamut is greater than that of sRGB.
In the 1990s, printers were developed using color model CMYK for color printing, which made it possible to make prints with a more extended color range than sRGB. This is a more advanced standard, used in professional monitors and televisions with improved screens. The disadvantage is that not all devices support this standard. For example, when working in Photoshop, you can use the RGB color profile, but if your printer does not support this profile, we will receive a photo that will be different from the image you see on the screen.

NTSC color gamut

NTSC – one of the first color standards was developed in 1953 when color television was developed, is now not used but is used for comparison, since in this standard the color spectrum was quite wide. The question may arise why in 1953 the standard for the transmission of color shades was adopted. Most televisions cannot reach this standard after 65 years. Oddly enough, but CRTs could achieve better color reproduction. Here under the CRTs, a standard was developed.

NTSC 100% vs NTSC 72%

See how an approximately NTSC 72% vs NTSC image will look like 100%

REC 2020 color space

REC 2020 – standards (2012) for UHDTV (UHD 4K and UHD 8K). The RGB color space, which has a color gamut that is wider than almost all other RGB color spaces. There are no displays available that can display the entire gamut of REC 2020.

Adobe RGB vs sRGB vs NTSC vs REC 2020 vs color model SMYK

Color spaces percentage match

color spacecoverage % NTSCcoverege % sRGB
NTCS100~72
sRGB~89.97100
Adobe RGB~99~117
REC 2020~150~172

Standard SMYK

SMYK– this color model, the manufacturers of printers in the process of developing color printers, came to the decision that the most high-quality photo can be printed using ink of the following colors, cyan, magenta, yellow  and black key .

The figure shows the spectrum visible to the person, the color shades and how different standards are superimposed on the visible spectrum.

Adobe RGB vs sRGB vs NTSC vs REC 2020 vs color model SMYK comparison

Now back to what it means

sRGB-125%

sRGB-125%– the monitor supports the sRGB color space (all monitors support sRGB) and can cover up to 25% more color space when viewing.

Adobe RGB 92%

Adobe RGB 92% – The monitor has support for this standard and it can cover 92% of the color space in the standard.

Comparison with the NTCS standard is very arbitrary and is given only as background information.

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